TAURON Group’sEnvironmental Policy

Environment protection is a strictly controlled and regulated area in the energy and mining industry. Notwithstanding the applicable general provisions, the TAURON Group, taking responsibility for the consequences of using natural resources and adopting in July 2017 a document entitled the TAURON Group’s Environmental Policy, and the TAURON Group’s Climate Policy in November 2019, emphasized that it was ready to take actions that went beyond legal obligations.

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The Environmental Policy defines the TAURON Group’s approach to the management of the issues related to the impact made by its operations on the natural environment, including the direction of its environmental activities and the principles it follows in environment related matters. The document is the benchmark for assessing all of the activities of the TAURON Group’s subsidiaries in the area of environment protection and environmental management.

The Environmental Policy documents the values and the vision followed by the TAURON Group with respect to making an impact on the natural environment. The main principle of the Environmental Policy is to limit both the direct, as well as the indirect impact on the environment and to conduct responsible communications, ensuring the understanding of the operations of the TAURON Group that may impact the environment.

The TAURON Group, in accordance with the regulations and administrative practices in force on the territory of its operations, takes into account the needs related to environmental protection and acts in way that contributes to accomplishing a broader objective, which is sustainable development, and in particular the implementation of the closed circuit economy (the so-called circular economy).

Due diligence procedures

Due to diverse production and service profiles of the TAURON Group’s subsidiaries, their impact on the environment varies significantly, therefore the principles of the TAURON Group’s Environmental Policy are addressed in the individual internal documents of the individual subsidiaries in a way corresponding to their role in the group’s value system.

Minimizing negative impacts on the environment is effectively implemented taking into account the specifics of the sector, technological development and access to environmentally friendly technologies. The subsidiaries TAURON Wydobycie and TAURON Wytwarzanie have implemented a certified environment management system in accordance with ISO14001, including TAURON Wytwarzanie, representing conventional electricity generation, additionally maintains the European Community’s Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) (confirmed by completing the applicable registration in the national system).

Due diligence procedures implemented under the Environmental Policy undoubtedly include ongoing monitoring of the main aspects of the direct and indirect environmental impact of the operations. These types of measurements include, for example, the emissions of NOx, SOx compounds and dusts presented in the tables.

TOTAL 2018 2019
NOx 12,789,663 10,708,789
SOx 12,938,915 10,385,711
Total dust 772,019 636,538
Other (including CO2 and methane) 38,161,165 33,521,927
Total aggregate emissions into the atmosphere [kg]
64,661,762 55,252,966
Kopalnia Wapienia „Czatkowice” TAURON Wytwarzanie TAURON Ciepło TAURON Wydobycie TOTAL
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
NOx 5,210 770 11,169,299 9,394,343 1,577,445 1,275,974 37,709 37,701 12,789,663 10,708,789
SOx 3,139 32 9,583,254 8,312,491 3,297,267 2,017,940 55,255 55,248 12,938,915 10,385,711
Total dust 11,713 8,440 482,051 438,670 230,080 139,994 48,175 49,434 772,019 636,538
Other 0 0 10,012,298 6,121,356 2,010,406 1,755,165 26,138,461 25,645,406 38,161,165 33,521,927
Total aggregate emissions into the atmosphere [kg] 20,062 9,242 31,246,902 24,266,861 7,115,198 5,189,074 26,279,600 25,787,789 64,661,762 55,252,966

Emissions are well below the levels set as maximum permitted annual loads of substances released into the atmosphere according to permits. The above is due to the fact that all working generating units of TAURON Wytwarzanie and TAURON Ciepło achieve the sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and dust concentration levels below the current permitted values, and the SO2 and NO2 concentration levels for the 200 MW units and biomass fired boilers (RES) reach a similar level to the new lower limits set out in the BAT conclusions that will apply from 2021.

The TAURON Group assumes responsibility for taking care of the natural environment and the consequences of using its resources. The Group’s subsidiaries estimate that the amount of charges to be paid for the business use of the environment in 2019 may be approximately PLN 32.82 million.

Estimated charges for the business use of the environment by the TAURON Group’s subsidiaries due for 2019
# Subsidiary name Charges* for the business use
of the environment due for 2019
(PLN ‘000)
1. TAURON Wytwarzanie 14,882
2. TAURON Wydobycie 14,856.5
3 TAURON Ciepło 2,838.8
4. TAURON Dystrybucja 181.5
5. KW „Czatkowice” 55.1
6. TAURON Dystrybucja Serwis < 0.8
7. TAURON Obsługa Klienta 1.6
8. TAURON Ekoenergia < 0.8
9. TAURON Sprzedaż < 0.8
10. Bioeko Grupa TAURON 4
Total 32,820
* Partly estimated data, the annual settlement has not been completed.

Following the principle of resource efficiency, the TAURON Group is monitoring and optimizing the consumption of water used for technological purposes on an ongoing basis. In order to reduce the negative impact on the environment, the Group strives to close water circuits and to recycle water to production processes for reuse. The consumption of water used in the production processes by the TAURON Group in 2019 is shown in the tables.

[m3/year] TOTAL
2018 2019
rivers 136,432,098 143,447,469
wetlands 0 0
ground water 44,831,312 45,969,125
rain water picked up directly and stored 164,797 163,701
water from the city network 5,643,343 5,359,483
Other 16,472,234 17,752,749
Total volume of water consumed from all sources taken into account 203,545,802 212,692,527
[m3/year] TAURON Wydobycie Kopalnia Wapienia „Czatkowice” TAURON Wytwarzanie TAURON Ciepło TAURON Ekoenergia TOTAL
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
Surface water (rivers, lakes) including water from wetlands
rivers 22,271 42,556 135,862,454 142,955,276 547,373 449,637 136,432,098 143,447,469
wetlands 0 0 0 0 0
Other:
ground water 44,324,741 44,883,908 68 89 1,122,751 1,084,646 0 471 482 45,448,03 45,969,125
rain water picked up directly and stored 164,797 163,701 0 164,797 163,701
water from the city network 506,571 159,789* 14,084 13,563 3,645,821 4,053,940 1,475,374 1,130,698 1,493 1,494 5,643,343 5,359,483
Other 15,007,893 16,736,118 1,464,341 1,016,631 16,472,234 17,752,749
Total volume of water consumed from all sources taken into account 44,831,312 45,043,697 36,423 56,208 155,803,716 164,993,681 3,487,088 2,596,966 1,964 1,976 204,160,503 212,692,527

 

* Zakład Górniczy Janina (Janina Coal Mine) – Initiative ”Increase of the consumption of water from own sources in the technological processes”. The objective achieved is the reduction of water purchased from Wodociągi Chrzanowskie Sp z. o.o.

The TAURON Group is continuously optimizing waste water treatment processes. Wastewater treatment methods are also modernized to improve the efficiency of these processes. The quality and quantity of wastewater is subject to ongoing monitoring. The total volume of waste water generated as a result of the TAURON Group’s operations in 2019, including its utilization method (destination), is shown in the tables.

Waste water dump site taking into account emergency heat dumps TOTAL m3
2018 2019
Waste water discharged into the sewage system (municipal companies) 695,435 842,750
Waste water discharged by means of transportation to the waste water treatment plant 446 515
Waste water discharged to the surface water:
Rivers 152,505,966 166,320,385
Other 0 0
Total waste water volume 153,201,847 167,163,649
Waste water dump site taking into account emergency heat dumps Waste water volume [m3]
Kopalnia Wapienia „Czatkowice” TAURON Wytwarzanie TAURON Wydobycie TAURON Ciepło TAURON Ekoenergia TOTAL
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
Waste water discharged into the sewage system (municipal companies) 94,630 109,395 292,415 291,774 307,311 440,460 1,079 1 121 695,435 842,750
Waste water discharged by means of transportation to the waste water treatment plant 274 372 172 143 446 515
Waste water discharged to the surface water:
Rivers 25,497 28 672 110,155,207 123,329,315 42,136,187 42,801,956 188,622 159,966 453 476 152,505,966 166,320,385
Other 0 0
Total waste water volume 25,497 28 672 110,249,837 123,438,710 42,428,876 43,094,102 495,933 600,426 1,704 1,740 153,201,847 167,163,649

Actions taken and results achieved

The TAURON Group is undertaking numerous actions aimed at minimizing the negative impact on the environment. We are actively looking for new directions and areas of activity in order to reuse the by-products of our operations. To this end, in accordance with the principles of the circular economy, we are implementing the combustion and mining by-products management processes.

The following tables present the total weight of waste by type and utilization (handling) method.

2018 2019
Reuse 6.1 6.1
Recycling 414 137.7
Recovery (including energy recovery) 313 1,086.3
Neutralization 119 186.6
Storage 11 45.5
Other * 48 141
TOTAL WASTE WEIGHT 911 1,603

 

* The Group does not generate nuclear waste
weight of hazardous waste [tons]
Kopalnia Wapienia „Czatkowice” TAURON Wytwarzanie TAURON Wydobycie TAURON Ciepło TAURON Ekoenergia TAURON Dystrybucja TOTAL
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
Reuse 0 0 6.1 6.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.1 6.1
Recycling 0 0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0 0 414 137.7 414 138
Recovery (including energy recovery) 0 0 90.7 51.9 7.4  0 13 1.1 0 0 202 1,033.4 313 1,086
Neutralization 0 0 2.7 5.1 2.9  0 2 7.9 0 0 111 173.6 119 187
Storage 0 0 6 12 5.4 1.9 0 1.3 0 0 0 30.3 11 46
Other 20.4 27.2 0 0 25.2 38.5 0 0 2.1 75.35 0 0 48 141
TOTAL WASTE WEIGHT 20.4 27.2 105.6 75.1 40.9 40.4 15 10.3 2.1 75.4 727 1,375.0 911 1,603
2018 2019
Reuse 0 0
Recycling 4,852 2,200.1
Recovery (including energy recovery) 2,756,235 1,249,574.6
Neutralization 1,965 1,360.3
Dump (landfill) 4,823 5,539.5
Storage 146,282 104,375.6
Composting 0 0
Other 189,439.4 3,924.2
TOTAL WASTE WEIGHT 3,103,596 1,366,974
Total weight of non-hazardous waste [t] in 2018 and 2019 by type and utilization method (destination), per subsidiary
weight of non-hazardous waste [tons]
Kopalnia Wapienia „Czatkowice” TAURON Wytwarzanie TAURON Wydobycie TAURON Ciepło TAURON Ekoenergia TAURON Dystrybucja TOTAL
2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019 2018 2019
Reuse 0 0 6.1 6.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6,1 6.1
Recycling 0 0 0 0 0  0 0 0 0 0 414 137.7 414 138
Recovery (including energy recovery) 0 0 90.7 51.9 7.4  0 13 1.1 0 0 202 1,033.4 313 1,086
Neutralization 0 0 379 169 337 8 8 0 0 1,241 1,183 1,965 1,360
Dump (landfill) 0 0 4,823 5,540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4,823 5,540
Storage 0 0 656 436 140,356 103,463 5,270 422 0 0 0 55 146,282 104,376
Composting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other 243 178 2,965 3,065 186,160 554 0 0 72 127 0 0 189,439 3,924
TOTAL WASTE WEIGHT 432 178 1,107,914 193,550 1,697,795 950,418 290,096 218,452 72 127 7,287 4,249 3,103,596 1,366,974

4 million Mg of the process by-products, coming from thermal combustion and mining of coal, was generated in 2019, with as much as 51% of that quantity brought to the market as full value products to be used, among others, in the construction, road building, mining or agricultural sector. The balance of the waste was handed over to further authorized recipients with whom the TAURON Group’s subsidiaries have agreements in place that guarantee its further economic utilization, among others in land reclamation, macro-leveling and filling of the post-mining voids in mining.

Waste generated is used primarily in such sectors as: construction, road building and mining. It is also broadly used by cement and concrete plants. It was also used as the material for reclamation of unfavorably transformed areas.

The TAURON Group is seeking to implement the closed circuit (circular) economy model. It is planned that the maximum of generated process waste should be used within the TAURON Group, thus reducing the consumption of natural resources and the product’s carbon footprint.

TAURON Wytwarzanie brought as much as 88% of ashes and boiler slag coming from 6 system power plants to the market as by-products in 2019. They were used in construction, road engineering (building), mining and agriculture. The remaining 12% of the waste is also subject to utilization through the recovery, processing and use in the technological processes applied by the external recipients cooperating with the TAURON Group with respect to waste collection.

Gypsum derived from the wet flue gas desulphurization installation, owned by TAURON Wytwarzanie, is a material used in the construction. It is a material with better properties than natural gypsum, because it does not contain mineral impurities found in fossil gypsum. For that reason gypsum, which is a by-product of wet flue gas desulphurization installations, is enjoying particularly high sales in the industrial regions.

Ashes produced by the conventional power generation sector are a valuable raw material used in fire prevention in the coal mines. Ashes from the TAURON Group’s power plants and combined heat and power plants cover 100% of the demand for ashes to be used for fire prevention at TAURON Wydobycie’s coal mines. 108 thousand tons of ash generated at the TAURON Group’s power plants in 2019 was used in the coal mines.

100% of TAURON Ciepło’s waste, i.e. for the year, 231,000 tons of ashes, bottom ashes, slag, was also used for business purposes. Almost 0.6 million tons of the fly ash produced by the TAURON Group were used as the construction products, in the form of concrete enhancements (additives) improving their plasticity, preventing cracking and increasing the concrete’s resistance to chemical corrosion. Ashes are also a substitute for natural aggregates. Without the addition of ash, highly specialized lightweight concrete could not be formed. Ashes produced by the TAURON Group are also a very valuable addition to cement production.

TAURON Wydobycie processes post-mining waste, as a result of which high-quality construction and road aggregates are obtained. As a result as much as 569 thousand tons of aggregates and materials produced based on the post-mining waste were brought to the market in 2019.

All of the above activities contribute to reducing the consumption of natural resources, e.g. natural aggregates, sands or gravels.

The reclamation of an energy waste landfill in Blachownia also began in 2019. The applicable decision on the closure of the landfill was obtained in August, including the approval of the method and schedule of its remediation.

Accepting of the waste for landfill was discontinued in January 2014, and its final closure process began in 2019. The furnace waste landfill is an over-ground landfill and covers a total of about 74 ha. The reclamation is carried out in two stages: as the technical and biological reclamation.

The Group has knowledge about the areas that are valuable from the nature point of view, whose locations are subject to the Group’s impact, including the NATURA 2000 network areas. One such area is even created as part of the industrial infrastructure of Zakład Górniczy Brzeszcze (Brzeszcze Coal Mine), which was created in order to ensure the hydrotechnical protection of the Upper Vistula against saline underground waters coming from the drainage of hard coal mines. The „Brzeszcze” retention and dosing reservoir, as well as the place of discharge, is located in the Natura 2000 protected area. Special Bird Protection Area „Stawy w Brzeszczach” (Brzeszcze Ponds) PLB 120009, with an area of 3,065.9 ha. This area covers the breeding pond complexes in the Upper Vistula valley, located on both sides of the river. The Vistula, meandering in its valley, creates small oxbow lakes. There are about 14 species of birds from Annex I of the Birds Directive (out of 180 contained in the directive) and 5 species from the Polish Red Book (PCK) in the nature refuge. During the breeding season, the area is inhabited by at least 1% of the national population of the following bird species from the Polish Red Book: little bittern, purple heron, white tern, night heron, common moorhen, croaking, red-bellied, black-headed gull, henchard. A relatively high numbers are reached by: bittern, black tern and great crested grebe.

Nature analyses were also carried out in 2019, which were related to the planned investment project, i.e. the construction of a photovoltaic farm in the area of ul. Wrzosowa in Stalowa Wola. In order to protect valuable objects, the investment project area was reduced, leaving aside at least the pond and the beaver habitation grounds, and it was declared that the farm would be built in a special way, i.e. preserving the ponds with the reeds and their buffer zone to protect the bittern and little bittern, and excluding an old, overgrown reservoir with a ditch and beaver dam from the investment project.

In addition, TAURON Ekoenergia and Kopalnia Wapienia “Czatkowice” are conducting environmental monitoring pursuant to the applicable laws.

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